Besides continuing on-going adequate and appropriate malaria prevention and treatment at patients' homes and our clinic, OCHF provides other primary pediatrics care. OCHF identified respiratory infection, diarrheal disease, worm infestation and child's vaccination as significantly deficient care areas and have made them our priority targets.
Apart from Malaria, pneumonia and diarrhea are other common killers of under-five children in Nigeria. According to UNICEF and WHO reports on child mortality in Nigeria in 2018, pneumonia ranks first, followed by diarrhea and Malaria. In UNICEF Report (2018), Nigeria had the highest number of deaths caused by pneumonia (20.25%; 162,000/800,000 global deaths) for children under five years of age. 19% of child deaths (443 deaths per day or 18 deaths every hour) in Nigeria in 2018 were due to pneumonia. Similarly, pneumonia was the biggest killer of under-five children in 2017 as well. UNICEF reported 480,000 childhood deaths (1,300 per day) due to diarrhea in the year 2017. 10% (48,000) of these global deaths occurred in Nigeria. Vitamin A supplementation, Oral Rehydration and zinc therapies are part of WHO and UNICEF's strong recommendations to reduce the burden of the three topmost killers of Nigerian children. And OCHF has made the recommendations, including routine deworming and core components of care provided in rural communities.